Bone Spicule In Gums: Know Its Causes And Treatment Options

Girl thinks of it's own sharp bone sticking of gum
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8 min read
(Last Updated On: December 27, 2021)

Well, let’s begin by enquiring about a question first! Do you feel something sharp hitting your tongue right now? If yes, then the chances that it’s a bone spicule is very high.

Sharp bone or a bone spicule is nothing but a result of faulty or normal dental procedures. However, in case you got a sharp bone, there’s nothing you should worry about.

However, the faulty dental procedure is not always true for a cause of bone spur in your gums. Some even develop it by birth or get it as a result of some fatal accident.

The article covers what actions you should take if you have developed a sharp bone in your gums. Besides discussing various treatment options, we will also be looking into different causes of it. 

Having said that, it’s time to dive in.

What Are Oral Bone Spurs?

In order to understand the sharp bone, you will first need to know what a bone spur actually is? A bone spur is a piece of bone that isn’t a part of the structure and feels like an extra bone.

When such a bone spur develops over your gum we refer to it as oral bone spurs. It is often referred to as bone sequestra by dentists. Now, why sharp bone is an issue of concern? 

The very first reason is, it’s quite irritating to your tongues and keeps on seeking your attention all day long. Another reason is sharp bone may come with some unwanted future complications which you should avoid.

Now, as you have an idea of what a bone spur is, let’s jump straight to the treatment part.

Symptoms Of A Bone Spur In Mouth

The bone spurs in your mouth give you some noticeable symptoms to help you identify it. This is great because, mostly, bone spurs occurring in different parts give almost no symptoms.

Bone Spurs In Mouth Symptoms:

  1. Rough feeling of your gums
  2. White fragment visibility while looking at your gums in the mirror
  3. Your tongue feeling discomfort/irritated by sharp slivers
  4. Painful gums due to unknown cause

So, once you have identified the bone spur by looking at the symptoms, you can follow the treatment procedure

Bone Spur In Mouth Treatment Options

A bone spur must be removed from your mouth in order to prevent infection and further complications. Even dental specialists recommend the same thing. 

Getting a bone spur removed by a small surgery is the best option. The surgery is mostly a minimally invasive one. However, in case you got a tooth extraction, your dentist might look for other ways.

The other safe way to get rid of the bone spur is alveoplasty. It’s a non-invasive process mostly used in case you recently had a tooth extraction. 

In Alveoplasty your dentist tries to make your bone spur smooth with the help of certain tools and equipment. Alveoplasty is a dental procedure mostly followed while your jawbone is being fitted for dentures.

Can a bone spur be treated at home? That’s an easy no, because doing so you may dislodge the clot formed at the site making the case worse.

However, one thing you can do is leave the bone spur as it is. Because in certain cases where the sharp bone is loosely attached, it can get out by itself. Still, it will take time.

In critical conditions, your dentist will examine the depth of the bone spur using radiographic imagine by X-ray. After the oral examination, they will guide you about the necessary steps you should take to treat it.

Hope you know how can a sharp bone sticking on gum be treated. Let’s discuss some causes behind the formation of a bone spicule.

What Causes Sharp Bone To Stick Out of Gums?

As we already discussed, bone spurs do not have a particular cause. However dental procedure for wisdom teeth extraction is a very common cause among children.

Causes for a bone spicule includes:

  • Wisdom tooth extraction
  • Improper growth of a tooth
  • Gingivitis or gum disease
  • Dental implants
  • Mandibular tori
  • Traumatic injury
  • Tooth decay

Now, as you’ve known most of the causes, let’s get a bit deeper into some prevalent ones. This will help you understand how a bone spicule actually develops.

1. Mandibular Tori

Mandibular Tori is also a bone spicule primarily occurring in your mandible. Such a bone outgrowth occurs at a surface close to your tongue.

It’s more common in males than females. The widely known causes for mandibular tori include bruxism and adulthood.

2. Wisdom Tooth Eruption

The cause that we discussed in the very beginning, a faulty dental procedure. It can occur when you go to your dentist for getting your wisdom tooth extracted.

In case the impacted wisdom teeth aren’t able to come out properly, you develop a sharp bone around that tooth. The bone spicules end up giving a look of unpredictable false teeth.

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3. Excessive Calcium Deposit

If you ever met an accident that involved damage to your jawbone, the calcium accumulation in the area might lead to a sharp bone formation.

The continuous supply of calcium to your affected area is maintained in order to ensure faster healing. However, in certain cases, excess deposition might lead to bone spur formation.

Other possible reasons that may lead to bone spicule over gums include dental trauma and a genetic disorder. Though, the genetic disorder leading to such a condition is very rare.

After you are well aware of the causes and treatment of a bone spur in the mouth, here’s something more. Below we have some methods that can help ease the pain caused by the bone spicule.

How To Ease Pain and Discomfort Caused By Sharp Bone?

There’s a high chance of bone spur leading to pain, swelling, and discomfort in your gums. So how can you ease these symptoms? Here are the steps to follow.

  • OTC (over-the-counter) medication can be of great help to reduce swelling and pain caused due to the bone spicule.
  • Consider doing regular gargling with salt water, unless your dentist doesn’t recommend avoiding it.
  • Have mouth rinsing with an antiseptic mouth rinse to keep food particles and debris away from the site. It will also prevent inflammation.

That’s all you can do at home to get relief from pain due to sticking bone out of gum.

Bone Spur Potential Complications

A bone spur that occurs in your mouth can erupt harmlessly by a visit to a nearby dentist in your area. However, even after it gets treated it can cause some further complications. 

Here are some potential complications of associated with the bone spur in the mouth:

  • Discomfort in your mouth, an exact feeling like a tiny sharp flake is stuck on one area of your gums.
  • Redness, swelling, and roughness on your gums.
  • Signs of infections such as inflammation, fever, and headaches.
  • Pain and irritation in your mouth.

Can a bone spicule go on its own?

Bone spicules aren’t that serious matter of concern as they are completely normal. In many cases, they erupt out of your gum on their own. But this automatic/natural process will take a couple of weeks or months to happen.

Thus, in case you notice a bone spicule, do not get tensed and look wait for some days to let it fall on its own.

And, in case the condition isn’t resolved for more than a month or two, let your dentist know about this. Then consider getting it operated and removed. 

The Bottom Line

If you have developed a bone spur, then do not worry and stay relaxed. It’s common after oral procedures and treatable. The bone spicules do not risk your health in long term.

Take good care of it for a week. Most likely it should come out on its own. However, if it’s been several weeks and still the bone spur is stuck in your mouth, call for a dentist.

Besides this, follow the tips provided to ease your pain and swelling. If you feel sick and see any other signs of inflammation, schedule a meeting as soon as possible.

Still, got any questions related to bone spur or spicule? Feel free to ask.

FAQs On Sharp Bone Sticking Out Of Gum

What Causes Bone Growth On Gums?

Bone spurs in the mouth can be a result of dental procedures like wisdom tooth extraction, a trauma involving your gums, and mandibular tori.

How Do You Get A Bone Out Of Your Gum?

Mostly the bone spicule goes on its own. However, in case it doesn’t go away itself in 1-2 weeks, speak to your dentist and go for immediate surgery. Do not try removing it by yourself.

Is It Normal To See The Bone After Wisdom Tooth Extraction?

Bone after a wisdom tooth isn‘t normal, it is a result of dental trauma or a dental procedure that went wrong. So you must contact your dentist if you see a bone spur after wisdom teeth extraction.

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beth Hess
beth Hess
1 year ago

I have an are of bone about 3 4ths of an inch long, along my jaw bone. I have been to the dentist twice now( after an extraction of molar) It looks like a white line protruding from my gums. Can you tell me what it is?

Health On Planet
Health On Planet
1 year ago
Reply to  beth Hess

Probably you got a bony spicule as a result of molar extraction. And as these spicules do not have a DIY solution, you must speak to your dentist without fail about the issue. Hope it gets better.

martha craig
martha craig
9 months ago

I have 2 bone spurs that appeared and felt after lower teeth extractions . Oral surgeon says I need alveoloplasty at quite an expense for ea. one ( I don’t have Idental insurance) before I can have implants. Was trying to avoid costly implants,butmy lower denture won’t stay down for any length of time even tho I use the “goo:” several times a day!

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