Why Does A Sharp Bone Stick Out Of My Gum? What to Do?

7 min read
(Last Updated On: May 2, 2021)

Did you ever face a sharp bony growth (a bone spicule) sticking to your gum? Or a sharp bone hitting your tongue while moving them around your jaws?

Bony spicules/sharp bone sticking out of your gums may have several underlying causes. These causes may range from ONJ (osteonecrosis of the jaw) to a dental procedure you had in your past weeks. 

Want to know what causes these bony growth/ bone spurs/ spicules sticking out of your gums? What approach can you take to treating these bone spicules? And what safety measures should you keep in mind while going for the treatment?

This article will answer all your doubts, curiosities and queries related to bone spurs. Excited! Let’s dive in. 

What are bony spicules/bone spurs in the mouth?

Bone spurs or spicules are sharp bony outgrowth in the mandible (lower jaw) of the mouth. These spicules can be a result of a dental procedure in which tiny sliver-like fragments remain attached to your jaws, sometimes looking like unpredictable teeth. Most of the times these spicules are visible in a mirror 

What causes bony growth/spicules in your gums?

As told earlier sharp bone sticking out of your gums can have a wide range of reasons, the list could really go long. Here we will cover one which are the most prevalent causes for these bone spurs in the mouth.

Common causes for exostosis/bony spicules sticking out of gums include mandibular tori, wisdom tooth eruption, bone spur formation, excessive calcium deposit, dental trauma and a genetic disorder.

Let’s get to know these causes in a bit of detail so that you can figure out the cause for your bony spicule.

1. Mandibular Tori

Torus mandibularis or mandibular tori is a bony outgrowth in the mandible. Mostly these outgrowths happen along the surface close to the tongue. 

These bony outgrowths are more common in males than in females. The widely known causes for mandibular tori include bruxism and adulthood. These tori are not the sole result of genetics but primarily due to local stress conditions.

2. Wisdom Tooth Eruption

Sometimes bony spicules get left sticking out of gums due to impacted wisdom teeth extraction. In this situation, wisdom teeth are not able to erupt properly out of your gums. 

Due to improper eruption, the bone spicule which is left sticking to the gum pushes the bone inside against the adjacent teeth. Thus giving the appearance of excessive bone growth.

In certain cases, your gums might also reject some part of your tooth and leave you with a bone spur.

Explore: Itchy Gums Causes,Preventions And Home Remedies

3. Excessive Calcium Deposit

Calcium deposits can be a result of excessive calcium accumulation over the jawbone following the condition of stress or damage to the bone or nearby tissue. 

During the healing process, your body maintains a continuous supply of calcium to affected areas in order to fasten the process. In some cases more calcium gets supplied than the actual need, leading to its deposit. Thus, giving you an unpredictable bony spicule.

4. Dental Trauma

Bone spurs are often a result of trauma involving your jaw or mandible. This can be due to structural damage to the teeth leading to a change in shape. The newly acquired shape can be a sharp bone leading to irritation and discomfort.

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5. Genetic Disorder

As you know most of the problems within the body can be transferred genetically. So, a bone spur in your gums can be a result of genetics. 

Though this cause for bony spicules is quite rare and seen mostly in males than females. It can possibly be transferred from father to son.

These were some reasons leading to the growth of bony spicules over your gum. If you feel, you got a bone spur due to some other reason let us know by commenting down below.

Enough knowing the causes for now. The question which pops up in your head immediately after thinking of a bone spur is, how can I get rid of it? So, here’s the solution for you!

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How to Get Rid of Bone Sticking Out Of Gum?

To be clear, bone spurs have the least DIY solutions. In certain cases, it may fall out of the gums themselves. But, most of the time seeing the dentist becomes a necessity.

Some cases of bone spurs can easily be dealt with by removing the bony sliver via a least invasive procedure. It is done in order to prevent the entire area from getting infected and reduce the chances of inflammation. 

The above treatment option doesn’t apply to all cases of bone spurs. Sometimes your dentist might recommend you to go for alveoplasty

Alveoplasty is a process in which your dentist tries to smoothen the jawbone thus decreasing the likelihood of bone sticking out of the gum. It is best recommended for bone spurs that remain just after tooth extraction (source).

Generally, the above two methods are ideal for removing the sticking bone spur. In some cases, your dentist might like to have a radiograph of the area, to check the spicule extent. If the bony spicule has a length of more than 4 mm, then it must get extracted, keeping in mind it doesn’t cause any future complexity. 

You don’t need to worry much once you reach your dental provider, as they will use their clinical experience to find the best solution for it. 

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How To Ease Pain and Discomfort Caused By Sharp Bone?

Bone spurs sometimes may lead to pain, swelling and discomfort in your gums. So how can you ease these symptoms? Here are the steps to follow.

  • Take painkillers prescribed by your dental provider at scheduled intervals.
  • Have saltwater gargling if your dentist doesn’t say to avoid it.
  • Do not try to pull bony spicules by yourself taking a pair of forceps, as it may dislodge the clot formed after tooth extraction, leading to delayed healing.

That’s all you can do at home to get relief from pain due to sticking bone out of gum. 

Explore: Itchy Teeth Causes, And Treatments

The Bottom Line

Sticking bone out of gums is not new to the field of dentistry. If you feel you got a bone spur in your mouth immediately reach out to your dental provider. As there are the least steps you can take at your home to get rid of it.

What do you think what’s the cause of your bone spur? Is it something different from others mentioned in the list above? Do let us know commenting your thoughts below.

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beth Hess
beth Hess
11 days ago

I have an are of bone about 3 4ths of an inch long, along my jaw bone. I have been to the dentist twice now( after an extraction of molar) It looks like a white line protruding from my gums. Can you tell me what it is?

Adarsh Kumar
11 days ago
Reply to  beth Hess

Probably you got a bony spicule as a result of molar extraction. And as these spicules do not have a DIY solution, you must speak to your dentist without fail about the issue. Hope it gets better.

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